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12
May
12
Ethical dilemma of the vulnerable patient

Highlighting the ethical relevance of cognitive vulnerability strengthens, as has been argued, attempts to “symmetrizate” health relationship modeling. At the same time, this introduces a significant change in the ethical role that the concept of vulnerability is supposed to play. In research ethics and medical ethics, vulnerability is seen as a condition that should be overcome. Its normative regulatory role is to signify precarious conditions that adversely affect a person's health, emotional stability, or cognitive ability to understand and consent to medical procedures. Now, the ethical role of cognitive vulnerability is different. This type of vulnerability brings with it exposure, but it is also a prerequisite for developing a self-understanding that includes an idea of the beliefs and values that one seeks to conform to.

 

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12
May
12
Laparoscopic Simulation

Introductory workshop in basic laparoscopic techniques. The simulation of laparoscopic techniques allows the training of surgical skills and competences in a safe environment, which allows the improvement of the potential. A perfect opportunity to test this field of surgery.

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12
May
12
Ultrasonography FAST (I entry)
time 14:00-14:50 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 315

Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) scan is a point-of-care ultrasound examination performed at the time of presentation of a trauma patient. 

It is invariably performed by a clinician, who should be formally trained, and is considered as an ”extension” of the trauma clinical assessment process, to aid rapid decision making. Some studies have shown no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy between radiologists and non-radiologists . 

The chief aim of the study, in a trauma patient, is to identify intraperitoneal free fluid (assumed to be hemoperitoneum in the context of trauma) allowing for an immediate transfer to theater, CT or other. Solid organ injury is seldom identified, and when present may warrant further investigation.

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12
May
12
Coronaroangiography
time 14:00-15:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 201

A coronary angiogram is a procedure that uses X-ray imaging to see your heart's blood vessels. The test is generally done to see if there's a restriction in blood flow going to the heart.

Coronary angiograms are part of a general group of procedures known as heart (cardiac) catheterizations. Cardiac catheterization procedures can both diagnose and treat heart and blood vessel conditions. A coronary angiogram, which can help diagnose heart conditions, is the most common type of cardiac catheterization procedure.

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12
May
12
The rare clinical cases and ECG changes related to severe arrhythmias.
time 15:00-16:30 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 104

In the medical field, clinicians, house staff, and medical students are required to have a certain set of knowledge and skill sets that allow them to understand and interpret electrocardiograms (ECGs). However, ECG literacy is currently limited by classroom materials and other forms of written text. This workshop aims to provide the medical community with the opportunity to interpret ECGs in specific contexts. ECG Training provides a more interactive form of studying that is well adapted to varying ECGs that are encountered in the field on a day-to-day basis.

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12
May
12
METHODS OF EXAMINATION AND INVESTIGATION IN OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. PLACEMENT OF THE INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (I entry)
time 14:30-16:15 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM 110

The Basic Practical Skills in Obstetrics and Gynaecology course has been designed to introduce trainees to safe surgical techniques and obstetric clinical skills in a structured workshop environment. The course is standardised to ensure that common objectives, content structure and assessment methods are followed.

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12
May
12
Birth simulation (I entry)

A birth simulator is an automated high-tech lifelike patient manikin that mimics a woman going through labor and delivery used in healthcare simulation. These complex manikins are also known as a labor simulators, childbirth simulators or birthing simulators. The complexity of these unique patient simulators range from a simple static model, where the operator physically moves the baby through the birth canal, to a highly technical model which is fully automated and which can deliver a baby with differing configurations. Some birthing simulators come with a baby manikin which contains realistic characteristics such as cardiac and respiratory functions

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12
May
12
OCT Workshop for Beginners ( I entry)

This interactive online course with twenty case vignettes is designed to teach residents about the various elements and layers of a normal retina in an OCT scan, how to accurately identify and describe retinal pathologies and the location of abnormalities in OCT images, and how to diagnose retinal pathology and suggest next steps in the evaluation or treatment of eye disease.

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12
May
12
Problem based learning case: What could hide a loss of consciousness in a mature adult?

The major characteristics of consciousness are alertness and being oriented to place and time. Alertness means that you’re able to respond appropriately to the people and things around you. Being oriented to place and time means that you know who you are, where you are, where you live, and what time it is.

When consciousness is decreased, your ability to remain awake, aware, and oriented is impaired. Impaired consciousness can be a medical emergency.

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12
May
12
Traditional and laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernias

For the repair of inguinal hernia, some surgeons favor the laparoscopic approach, while others recommend open repair. While open repair can result in more scar tissue and carries higher risk of testicular and nerve injury, it is much cheaper and has a shorter surgical learning curve compared to laparoscopic repair. Meanwhile, laparoscopic repair produces less scar tissue and requires less dissection to place the mesh; however, it is more expensive and has a longer surgical learning curve .Several previous studies have compared the differences between laparoscopic and open mesh repair in the treatment of recurrent inguinal hernia; however, the results are controversial and no consensus has been reached. 

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12
May
12
Catheters and tubes insertion (I entry)
time 15:00-15:40 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989, CUSIM, P10

Catheters can be inserted into a body cavity, duct, or vessel, brain, skin or adipose tissue. Functionally, they allow drainage, administration of fluids or gases, access by surgical instruments, and also perform a wide variety of other tasks depending on the type of catheter. Special types of catheters, also called probes, are used in preclinical or clinical research for sampling of lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds, protein-bound and unbound drugs,neurotransmitters, peptides and proteins, antibodies, nanoparticles and nanocarriers, enzymes and vesicles

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12
May
12
How we grow - Neurological milestones in child development
time 14:00-16:00 online adress meet.google.com/gsk-jhju-sds

Can we precisesly assess the neurological development of a child? When should they start walking? Should we already hear their first words at 12 months?

By observing key points in psychomotor and cognitive evolution, we can conclude whether our patient is in the physiological boundaries of growth or not. At the end of this interactive workshop, the participants will be able to correctly evaluate their patient's stage of development from both a motor and a cognitive point of view, at the same time being able to name several key causes of developmental delay.

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12
May
12
Minimally invasive osteosynthesis of tibial fractures

The aim of the workshop is to initiate the participants to the advantages, indications, principles and technique of minimally invasive osteosynthesis of tibial fractures. It will include PowerPoint presentations as well as a demonstration on molding how to use the LISS system, performing osteosynthesis of the tibia with a plate according to the principles of MIPO.

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12
May
12
Clinical pharmacology – assessment of rational use of drugs

Rational use of medicines (RUM) is defined as “patients receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements, for an adequate period of time, and at the lowest cost to them and their community.

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12
May
12
Prevention and control of infections in medical institutions
time 14:00-17:00 online adress online

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), infection prevention and control (IPC) is a scientific approach and practical solution designed to prevent harm caused by infection to patients and health workers. It is a subset of epidemiology, but also serves an essential function in infectious diseases, social sciences and global health.

Effective IPC is a public health issue that is fundamental in patient safety and health system strengthening. The prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAI), epidemics (including the 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak), and pandemics of international concern (For Example; 2009 flu pandemic and the coronavirus disease 2019) are rooted in effective IPC measures. A guiding principle on WHO's Core Components of IPC is that "access to health care services designed and managed to minimise the risks of avoidable HAI for patients and health care workers is a basic human right".

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12
May
12
The degree of microbial contamination even after the use of antiseptics. (2 DAYS)

Antiseptics and disinfectants are extensively used in hospitals and other health care settings for a variety of topical and hard-surface applications. A wide variety of active chemical agents (biocides) are found in these products, many of which have been used for hundreds of years, including alcohols, phenols, iodine, and chlorine. Most of these active agents demonstrate broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity; however, little is known about the mode of action of these agents in comparison to antibiotics

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12
May
12
Learning Science: How to supercharge your study techniques – by Lecturio
time 14:30-16:30 online adress meet.google.com/uzt-nqny-vxc

Lecturio created a high-quality digital medical education resource, which is affordable, adaptive, and personalized. They designed the platform with the needs of learners and faculty in mind, combined with the latest state-of-the-art learning technology and comprehensive monitoring and assessment features.

Lecturio’s TEAM is made up of people with very diverse backgrounds and more than 250 physicians, including educators from prestigious medical schools such as Harvard University, Johns Hopkins, and University College London, to ensure top didactic quality of all content. Their faculty advisory board, which consists of high-profile experienced educators, gives strategic direction and ensures effective quality management.

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12
May
12
The approach of the clinical pharmacy in the medication of acute respiratory infections.

The workshop addresses the problem of clinical pharmacy of respiratory diseases and consists in describing clinical cases, situation problems with the description of patients with various respiratory diseases (viral or bacterial respiratory infections, bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia).

The student must be able to: prepare the patient's pharmaceutical record, which includes the medical history released, clinical information, available results, recommendations made to the patient; to scientifically analyze the medical prescription, in order to identify the potential problems related to the drug therapy; inform and advise the patient on the pharmacotherapeutic prescription, including OTC medication; to recommend first-line pharmacotherapy in the community pharmacy; to be able to continuously monitor patients with chronic diseases. It is reasonable to include questions related to the identification of medicines used in the treatment of the respective diseases, the resolution of situational problems, as well as the forms of pharmaceutical assistance.

The purpose of the methodical elaboration is limited to equipping the student with counseling skills of doctors and patients in order to achieve an effective and harmless treatment.

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12
May
12
Promoting self-medication in community pharmacy

Purpose: To develop theoretical knowledge and practical skills in the field of pharmaceutical services, namely controlled self-medication, to ensure an optimal balance between its benefits and risks.

Specific objectives:

1. Integrate the knowledge and responsibilities of the Community Pharmacist into assessing the needs of consumers of over-the-counter medicines;

2. To know the main factors that influence self-medication and to define the variables that are associated with it;

3. Demonstrate effective communication skills with the visitor of the community pharmacy and inform patients appropriately in making decisions regarding OTC medication;

4. Apply behavioral rules in educating the consumer about self-medication and OTC drug abuse issues in the community pharmacy;

5. Integrate the knowledge gained in solving problems related to OTC medication;

6. Develop an OTC medication management plan, taking into account the specificities of each risk group of OTC drug users.

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12
May
12
Methods for early diagnosis of jaw tumors in children

Primary maxillofacial tumors are uncommon in pediatric patients. When they do occur, the tissue damage caused directly alters facial growth, development as well as psycho-social evolution. This study was carried out to determine the pattern, sociodemographic characteristics and histologic peculiarities of paediatric jaw tumors in our environment.

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12
May
12
Morpho-functional restoration of front teeth with composite materials. Layering method

Polymerization shrinkage is one of the dental clinician's main entanglements when placing resin-based composite restorations. None of the method can assure a perfectly sealed restoration for adhesive restorative materials; clinicians must abode problems of polymerization shrinkage and its possible ill effects. The objective of this article is to review different incremental techniques that can ruin the polymerization shrinkage stress of direct composite restoration.

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12
May
12
OCT Workshop for Beginners (II entry)

This interactive online course with twenty case vignettes is designed to teach residents about the various elements and layers of a normal retina in an OCT scan, how to accurately identify and describe retinal pathologies and the location of abnormalities in OCT images, and how to diagnose retinal pathology and suggest next steps in the evaluation or treatment of eye disease.

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12
May
12
Health system response to domestic and gender-based violence.

Violence against women (VAW) is a global challenge, and the health sector is a key entry point for survivors to receive care. The World Health Organization adopted an earlier framework for health systems response to survivors. However, documentation on the programmatic rollout of health system response to violence against women is lacking in low and middle-income countries. This paper studies the programmatic roll out of the health systems response across select five low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) and identifies key learnings.

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12
May
12
Knots and sutures (I entry)

A necessary workshop for all those who are passionate about surgery, who want to understand and feel the intensity of this feeling. It is a basic workshop for beginners in essential surgical techniques and maneuvers.

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12
May
12
Knots and sutures (II entry)

A necessary workshop for all those who are passionate about surgery, who want to understand and feel the intensity of this feeling. It is a basic workshop for beginners in essential surgical techniques and maneuvers.

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12
May
12
Gastric suture ( I entry)

With the growing epidemic of obesity, endoscopic bariatric therapies have evolved to help bridge the treatment divide between behavioral/pharmacologic therapies—which have limited efficacy—and bariatric surgical interventions—which are invasive and contraindicated in those with extensive medical comorbidities. Among endoscopic bariatric therapies, endoscopic suturing procedures focused on gastric remodeling have a promising foothold in the multidisciplinary management of obesity and its comorbidities given their safety, efficacy, and anticipated durability.

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12
May
12
Gastric suture ( II entry)

With the growing epidemic of obesity, endoscopic bariatric therapies have evolved to help bridge the treatment divide between behavioral/pharmacologic therapies—which have limited efficacy—and bariatric surgical interventions—which are invasive and contraindicated in those with extensive medical comorbidities. Among endoscopic bariatric therapies, endoscopic suturing procedures focused on gastric remodeling have a promising foothold in the multidisciplinary management of obesity and its comorbidities given their safety, efficacy, and anticipated durability.

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12
May
12
Management of the patient with pathological hypersomnolence

Sleep disorders are becoming more common and obvious problems in modern society. Due to sleep deprivation or sleep disorders, many people suffer from pathological hypersomnolence during the day. This problem is characterized by spontaneous falling asleep in conditions unsuitable for sleep (during lessons, at the office, at work, while driving, etc.), which presents an increased risk for accidents at work or on the road. At the same time, pathological hypersomnolence is often neglected by both patients and medical staff and is not sufficiently investigated. As a result, the patient continues to suffer from this problem, which can have various causes, and represents a personal risk as well as for those around him if he is a driver.

The aim of this workshop is to study the algorithm of clinical and paraclinical examination of the patient suffering from pathological hypersomnolence, the ways of establishing the diagnosis and initiating the appropriate treatment.

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12
May
12
The role of dietary supplements in the prophylaxis of post-Covid complications.

SARS-CoV-2 virus, infecting human cells via its spike protein, causes Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 is characterized by shortness of breath, fever, and pneumonia and is sometimes fatal. Unfortunately, to date, there is still no definite therapy to treat COVID-19. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) approved only supportive care. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to maintain a correct intake of nutrients to support very weakened patients in overcoming disease arose. The literature available on nutrient intake for COVID-19 is mainly focused on prevention. However, the safe intake of micro- and/or macro-nutrients can be useful either for preventing infection and supporting the immune response during COVID-19, as well as in the post-acute phase, i.e., “long COVID”, that is sometimes characterized by the onset of various long lasting and disabling symptoms. The aim of this review is to focus on the role of nutrient intake during all the different phases of the disease, including prevention, the acute phase, and finally long COVID

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12
May
12
Medical 3D printing – Complete workflow from DICOM image to printable object. ( I entry)

Advances in 3D printing, also called additive manufacturing, are capturing attention in the health care field because of their potential to improve treatment for certain medical conditions. A radiologist, for instance, might create an exact replica of a patient’s spine to help plan a surgery; a dentist could scan a broken tooth to make a crown that fits precisely into the patient’s mouth. In both instances, the doctors can use 3D printing to make products that specifically match a patient’s anatomy.

And the technology is not limited to planning surgeries or producing customized dental restorations such as crowns; 3D printing has enabled the production of customized prosthetic limbs, cranial implants, or orthopedic implants such as hips and knees. At the same time, its potential to change the manufacturing of medical products—particularly high-risk devices such as implants—could affect patient safety, creating new challenges for Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversight.

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12
May
12
Medical 3D printing – Complete workflow from DICOM image to printable object. (II entry)

Advances in 3D printing, also called additive manufacturing, are capturing attention in the health care field because of their potential to improve treatment for certain medical conditions. A radiologist, for instance, might create an exact replica of a patient’s spine to help plan a surgery; a dentist could scan a broken tooth to make a crown that fits precisely into the patient’s mouth. In both instances, the doctors can use 3D printing to make products that specifically match a patient’s anatomy.

And the technology is not limited to planning surgeries or producing customized dental restorations such as crowns; 3D printing has enabled the production of customized prosthetic limbs, cranial implants, or orthopedic implants such as hips and knees. At the same time, its potential to change the manufacturing of medical products—particularly high-risk devices such as implants—could affect patient safety, creating new challenges for Food and Drug Administration (FDA) oversight.

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12
May
12
Ultrasonography FAST (II entry)
time 14:50-15:40 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 315

Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) scan is a point-of-care ultrasound examination performed at the time of presentation of a trauma patient. 

It is invariably performed by a clinician, who should be formally trained, and is considered as an ”extension” of the trauma clinical assessment process, to aid rapid decision making. Some studies have shown no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy between radiologists and non-radiologists . 

The chief aim of the study, in a trauma patient, is to identify intraperitoneal free fluid (assumed to be hemoperitoneum in the context of trauma) allowing for an immediate transfer to theater, CT or other. Solid organ injury is seldom identified, and when present may warrant further investigation.

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12
May
12
Ultrasonography FAST (III entry)
time 15:40-16:30 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 315

Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) scan is a point-of-care ultrasound examination performed at the time of presentation of a trauma patient. 

It is invariably performed by a clinician, who should be formally trained, and is considered as an ”extension” of the trauma clinical assessment process, to aid rapid decision making. Some studies have shown no significant difference in diagnostic accuracy between radiologists and non-radiologists . 

The chief aim of the study, in a trauma patient, is to identify intraperitoneal free fluid (assumed to be hemoperitoneum in the context of trauma) allowing for an immediate transfer to theater, CT or other. Solid organ injury is seldom identified, and when present may warrant further investigation.

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12
May
12
Coronaroangiography (II entry)
time 15:00-16:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 201

A coronary angiogram is a procedure that uses X-ray imaging to see your heart's blood vessels. The test is generally done to see if there's a restriction in blood flow going to the heart.

Coronary angiograms are part of a general group of procedures known as heart (cardiac) catheterizations. Cardiac catheterization procedures can both diagnose and treat heart and blood vessel conditions. A coronary angiogram, which can help diagnose heart conditions, is the most common type of cardiac catheterization procedure.

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12
May
12
METHODS OF EXAMINATION AND INVESTIGATION IN OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. PLACEMENT OF THE INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (II entry)
time 16:15-18:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM 110

The Basic Practical Skills in Obstetrics and Gynaecology course has been designed to introduce trainees to safe surgical techniques and obstetric clinical skills in a structured workshop environment. The course is standardised to ensure that common objectives, content structure and assessment methods are followed.

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12
May
12
METHODS OF EXAMINATION AND INVESTIGATION IN OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY. PLACEMENT OF THE INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (III entry)
time 18:00-20:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM 110

The Basic Practical Skills in Obstetrics and Gynaecology course has been designed to introduce trainees to safe surgical techniques and obstetric clinical skills in a structured workshop environment. The course is standardised to ensure that common objectives, content structure and assessment methods are followed.

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12
May
12
Birth simulation (II entry)

A birth simulator is an automated high-tech lifelike patient manikin that mimics a woman going through labor and delivery used in healthcare simulation. These complex manikins are also known as a labor simulators, childbirth simulators or birthing simulators. The complexity of these unique patient simulators range from a simple static model, where the operator physically moves the baby through the birth canal, to a highly technical model which is fully automated and which can deliver a baby with differing configurations. Some birthing simulators come with a baby manikin which contains realistic characteristics such as cardiac and respiratory functions

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12
May
12
Birth simulation (III entry)

A birth simulator is an automated high-tech lifelike patient manikin that mimics a woman going through labor and delivery used in healthcare simulation. These complex manikins are also known as a labor simulators, childbirth simulators or birthing simulators. The complexity of these unique patient simulators range from a simple static model, where the operator physically moves the baby through the birth canal, to a highly technical model which is fully automated and which can deliver a baby with differing configurations. Some birthing simulators come with a baby manikin which contains realistic characteristics such as cardiac and respiratory functions

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12
May
12
Birth simulation (IV entry)

A birth simulator is an automated high-tech lifelike patient manikin that mimics a woman going through labor and delivery used in healthcare simulation. These complex manikins are also known as a labor simulators, childbirth simulators or birthing simulators. The complexity of these unique patient simulators range from a simple static model, where the operator physically moves the baby through the birth canal, to a highly technical model which is fully automated and which can deliver a baby with differing configurations. Some birthing simulators come with a baby manikin which contains realistic characteristics such as cardiac and respiratory functions

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12
May
12
Sudden cardiac arrest (I entry)
time 14:00-15:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Sudden cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness. The condition usually results from a problem with your heart's electrical system, which disrupts your heart's pumping action and stops blood flow to your body.

Sudden cardiac arrest isn't the same as a heart attack, when blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked. However, a heart attack can sometimes trigger an electrical disturbance that leads to sudden cardiac arrest.

If not treated immediately, sudden cardiac arrest can lead to death. Survival is possible with fast, appropriate medical care. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), using a defibrillator — or even just giving compressions to the chest — can improve the chances of survival until emergency workers arrive.

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12
May
12
Sudden cardiac arrest (II entry)
time 15:00-16:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Sudden cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness. The condition usually results from a problem with your heart's electrical system, which disrupts your heart's pumping action and stops blood flow to your body.

Sudden cardiac arrest isn't the same as a heart attack, when blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked. However, a heart attack can sometimes trigger an electrical disturbance that leads to sudden cardiac arrest.

If not treated immediately, sudden cardiac arrest can lead to death. Survival is possible with fast, appropriate medical care. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), using a defibrillator — or even just giving compressions to the chest — can improve the chances of survival until emergency workers arrive.

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12
May
12
Catheters and tubes insertion (II entry)
time 15:40-16:20 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989, CUSIM, P10

Catheters can be inserted into a body cavity, duct, or vessel, brain, skin or adipose tissue. Functionally, they allow drainage, administration of fluids or gases, access by surgical instruments, and also perform a wide variety of other tasks depending on the type of catheter. Special types of catheters, also called probes, are used in preclinical or clinical research for sampling of lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds, protein-bound and unbound drugs,neurotransmitters, peptides and proteins, antibodies, nanoparticles and nanocarriers, enzymes and vesicles

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12
May
12
Catheters and tubes insertion (III entry)
time 16:20-17:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989, CUSIM, P10

Catheters can be inserted into a body cavity, duct, or vessel, brain, skin or adipose tissue. Functionally, they allow drainage, administration of fluids or gases, access by surgical instruments, and also perform a wide variety of other tasks depending on the type of catheter. Special types of catheters, also called probes, are used in preclinical or clinical research for sampling of lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds, protein-bound and unbound drugs,neurotransmitters, peptides and proteins, antibodies, nanoparticles and nanocarriers, enzymes and vesicles

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12
May
12
Catheters and tubes insertion( IV entry)
time 17:00-18:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989, CUSIM, P10

Catheters can be inserted into a body cavity, duct, or vessel, brain, skin or adipose tissue. Functionally, they allow drainage, administration of fluids or gases, access by surgical instruments, and also perform a wide variety of other tasks depending on the type of catheter. Special types of catheters, also called probes, are used in preclinical or clinical research for sampling of lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds, protein-bound and unbound drugs,neurotransmitters, peptides and proteins, antibodies, nanoparticles and nanocarriers, enzymes and vesicles

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12
May
12
Rehabilitation of edentolous patients with severe atrophy by alternative implantology.

As the absence of teeth is frequent in elderly people and the volume of alveolar bone is dictated by the presence of teeth, many of these patients exhibit significant bone loss that might lead to functional limitations, aesthetic worsening, psychological impairment, and social limitations. In many cases, elderly people wearing complete dentures have to deal with pronunciation and mastication difficulties especially due to lack of denture retention. Moreover, improper nutrition may significantly affect their general health.

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12
May
12
Prosthetic field impression techniques on typodont models.

The imprint of the prosthetic field has an important role in the realization of different types of prosthetic constructions. The fingerprint is the negative copy of the prosthetic field. This copy will later be used to pour the materials from which the models will be made, the positive copies of the prosthetic field. cervical, edentulous ridges, surfaces of neighboring teeth, counterparts, antagonists and last but not least occlusion relations. There are multiple materials and imprinting techniques that will be presented for the realization of various varieties of indirect restorations.

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12
May
12
Birth simulation (V entry)

A birth simulator is an automated high-tech lifelike patient manikin that mimics a woman going through labor and delivery used in healthcare simulation. These complex manikins are also known as a labor simulators, childbirth simulators or birthing simulators. The complexity of these unique patient simulators range from a simple static model, where the operator physically moves the baby through the birth canal, to a highly technical model which is fully automated and which can deliver a baby with differing configurations. Some birthing simulators come with a baby manikin which contains realistic characteristics such as cardiac and respiratory functions

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13
May
13
Airway Management ( I entry)

Interprofessional team members must be familiar with the important anatomical, physiological, and pathological features related to the airway and have a solid knowledge of the various tools and methods for airway management. They also should know the differences between the adult, pediatric, and neonatal airways and should be well-versed with other difficult airways, as these differences can have significant impacts on patient outcomes. This activity describes the different techniques used for airway management and highlights the interprofessional team's role in the care of the patients requiring it.

Objectives:

  • Explain the differences between the pediatric airway and the adult airway.

  • Describe the technique involved in performing bag-mask ventilation.

  • Summarize the types of equipment used for airway management and list the indications and contraindications for endotracheal intubation, confirmation of proper endotracheal tube placement, and complications of endotracheal intubation.

  • Review interprofessional team strategies to enhance care coordination and communication to advance airway management and improve patient outcomes

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13
May
13
Hysteroscopy simulation
time 14:30-17:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM, 315

Hysteroscopy simulation complements conventional training on patients, yet evidence-based recommendations about its implementation and use are lacking. Observational studies have suggested a large impact on the knowledge and technical skills of novices for a wide range of hysteroscopic procedures, including for diagnosis, resection, and sterilization. Pretest/posttest studies show large improvements in performance time.

 

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May
13
Acute appendicitis. Traditional vs laparoscopic surgery

The removal of the acute appendix is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Open surgery associated with therapeutic efficacy has been the treatment of choice for acute appendicitis. However, in consequence of the evolution of endoscopic surgery, the operation can also be performed with minimally invasive surgery. Due to smaller incisions, the laparoscopic approach may be associated with reduced postoperative pain, reduced wound infection rate, and shorter time until return to normal activity.

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13
May
13
Diagnostic Bronchoscopy Workshop (I entry)
time 14:00-14:50 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

The Bronchoscopy Simulation is intended to be a resource for educators and clinicians to teach and learn the bronchoscopy procedure. This application gives both a schematic overview of the procedure as well as interactive video clips depicting the path through the lungs.

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13
May
13
Shoulder Arthroplasty: Prosthetic Options and Indications

Shoulder arthroplasty has been the subject of marked advances over the last few years. Modern implants provide a wide range of options, including resurfacing of the humeral head, anatomic hemiarthroplasty, total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty and trauma-specific implants for fractures and nonunions. Most humeral components achieve successful long-term fixation. The results of shoulder arthroplasty vary depending on the underlying diagnosis, the condition of the soft-tissues, and the type of reconstruction. Total shoulder arthroplasty seems to provide the best outcome for patients with osteoarthritis and inflammatory arthropathy. The outcome of hemiarthroplasty for proximal humerus fractures is somewhat unpredictable, though it seems to have improved with the use of fracture- specific designs, more attention to tuberosity repair, and the selective use of reverse arthroplasty, as well as a shift in indications towards internal fixation. Overall, shoulder arthroplasty is a very successful procedure with predictable pain relief and substantial improvements in motion and function.

Objectives: Familiarize doctors with the techniques of prosthetic shoulder arthroplasty.The correct application of the prosthesis.

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May
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Preclinical drug development – assessment of hemodynamic effects of drugs

Preclinical development encompasses the activities that link drug discovery in the laboratory to initiation of human clinical trials. Preclinical studies can be designed to identify a lead candidate from several hits; develop the best procedure for new drug scale-up; select the best formulation; determine the route, frequency, and duration of exposure; and ultimately support the intended clinical trial design. 

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13
May
13
Introduction to Brain MRI - Basic Principles and Clinical Cases
time 14:00-16:00 online adress meet.google.com/ggn-cjqf-qvc

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head is a painless, noninvasive test that produces detailed images of your brain and brain stem. An MRI machine creates the images using a magnetic field and radio waves. This test is also known as a brain MRI or a cranial MRI.

An MRI scan is different from a CT scan or an X-ray in that it doesn’t use radiation to produce images. An MRI scan combines images to create a 3-D picture of your internal structures, so it’s more effective than other scans at detecting abnormalities in small structures of the brain such as the pituitary gland and brain stem. Sometimes a contrast agent, or dye, can be given through an intravenous (IV) line to better visualize certain structures or abnormalities.

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13
May
13
Neurological assessment for neurosurgical patients – when and why we cut?
time 16:30-18:30 online adress meet.google.com/baf-hfce-sub

A neurological exam, also called a neuro exam, is an evaluation of a person's nervous system that can be done in the healthcare provider's office. It may be done with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers. It usually does not cause any pain to the patient.

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May
13
Practical pharmacognostic skills for the identification of vegetal products with volatile oil content in medicinal plants from the collection of the SPCFMP of Nicolae Testemitanu SUMPh
time 14:30-16:30 offline adress Bardar

The aim of the Work-shop is to familiarize interested students with the techniques of obtaining volatile oils and to train practical skills in identifying fresh and dried medicinal plant products, samples of volatile oils and plant species producing volatile oils, including those from other geographical regions, cultivated in the collection of the SPCFMP of Nicolae Testemitanu SUMPh”. Students will be guided by the professors of the department in carrying out scheduled practical activities in the collection and in the testing of volatile oil samples. The work-shop will conclude with the testing of infusions from plant products containing volatile oil.

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May
13
Contemporary methods for detecting dental caries

The most common method of caries detection is visual-tactile. Other non-invasive techniques for detection of early caries have been developed and investigated such as Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence (QLF), DIAGNOdent (DD), Fiber-optic Transillumination (FOTI) and Electrical Conductance (EC).

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May
13
Scaling techniques with magnetostrictive devices

Tooth decay is a problem we all face, even if the brushing of the teeth is done correctly. It is responsible in large part for bad breath and periodontal disease. That is why the best method of prophylaxis and treatment is dental scaling. Descaling with magneto-stricture devices is a non-invasive dental procedure that removes bacterial plaque and tartar deposits from the teeth, leaving behind smooth, polished, clean, non-retentive surfaces. Magneto-stricture descaling is a modern, ergonomic and effective means of removing hard dental deposits. Ultrasonic vibrations clean the teeth and manage to remove residues from their surface much faster. The device displaces the supragingival and subgingival tartar blocks, and the water jets wash the detached fragments and avoid overheating the tooth. The procedure is minimally invasive for patients, is fast and safe and does not affect the structure of the tooth.
The result of scaling is a smooth surface that will not favor the deposition of plaque and dental tartar in the future!

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May
13
Functional Diagnosis in Orthodontics

Conventional gnathological concepts concerning border movements, intermaxillary relations and terminal hinge movement of the mandible have been complemented by definitions obtained from observations in children, particularly orthodontic patients. While gnathologists tend to prefer the hand guided technique for diagnostic centric relation to the unguided method, the orthodontists on the other hand do not attribute the necessary importance to the guidance of the mandible into centric relation. By prevention or elimination of occlusal interferences, RCP/IP discrepancies, of balancing and particularly hyperbalance contacts, by possibly creating a type of occlusion as conceived by gnathology, the orthodontist may--within certain limits--be able to prevent TMJ disturbances and/or peridontal disease. Hopefully it may be at the same time possible to obtain more stable results of successful orthodontic treatment. The described functional analysis is designed to invite a more dynamic concept of the masticatory system.

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May
13
Application of digital technologies in the diagnosis and management of patients with dysfunctions of the stomatognathic system
time 10:00-12:00 online adress Google Meet

Digital dentistry, which incorporates a number of state-of-the-art technologies, has long become a necessity, offering a number of significant advantages over conventional dentistry. In the case of the treatment of temporomandibular dysfunctions, a long term, which includes various clinical pathologies, technologies play a key role, due to the information provided. Tapered computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and cephalometric analysis are the imaging methods of choice used to establish the diagnosis and treatment plan. At the same time, in the case of dysfunctions, condylography is the method used to obtain data on the condition of the temporomandibular joint, namely the path taken by the condyles during different mandibular movements.

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May
13
Vascular suture (I entry)

The procedure for vascular resection and reconstruction includes exposure of the diseased vessel, temporary interruption of blood flow, resection of the diseased segment, vascular repair or anastomosis and restoration of blood flow. Adequate exposure, including the healthy portions on both the afferent and efferent sides of the diseased segment, facilitates subsequent steps in the procedure. 

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May
13
Vascular suture (II entry)

The procedure for vascular resection and reconstruction includes exposure of the diseased vessel, temporary interruption of blood flow, resection of the diseased segment, vascular repair or anastomosis and restoration of blood flow. Adequate exposure, including the healthy portions on both the afferent and efferent sides of the diseased segment, facilitates subsequent steps in the procedure. 

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May
13
Aging Sensitivity Training

Age Sensitivity Training is a 1.5 hour interactive training program for individuals who are interested in learning about the specific needs and challenges of older adults in the community. During this workshop, participants will experience sensory changes associated with aging through simulation.

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May
13
Airway Management ( II entry)

Interprofessional team members must be familiar with the important anatomical, physiological, and pathological features related to the airway and have a solid knowledge of the various tools and methods for airway management. They also should know the differences between the adult, pediatric, and neonatal airways and should be well-versed with other difficult airways, as these differences can have significant impacts on patient outcomes. This activity describes the different techniques used for airway management and highlights the interprofessional team's role in the care of the patients requiring it.

Objectives:

  • Explain the differences between the pediatric airway and the adult airway.

  • Describe the technique involved in performing bag-mask ventilation.

  • Summarize the types of equipment used for airway management and list the indications and contraindications for endotracheal intubation, confirmation of proper endotracheal tube placement, and complications of endotracheal intubation.

  • Review interprofessional team strategies to enhance care coordination and communication to advance airway management and improve patient outcomes

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May
13
Airway Management (III entry)

Interprofessional team members must be familiar with the important anatomical, physiological, and pathological features related to the airway and have a solid knowledge of the various tools and methods for airway management. They also should know the differences between the adult, pediatric, and neonatal airways and should be well-versed with other difficult airways, as these differences can have significant impacts on patient outcomes. This activity describes the different techniques used for airway management and highlights the interprofessional team's role in the care of the patients requiring it.

Objectives:

  • Explain the differences between the pediatric airway and the adult airway.

  • Describe the technique involved in performing bag-mask ventilation.

  • Summarize the types of equipment used for airway management and list the indications and contraindications for endotracheal intubation, confirmation of proper endotracheal tube placement, and complications of endotracheal intubation.

  • Review interprofessional team strategies to enhance care coordination and communication to advance airway management and improve patient outcomes

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May
13
Airway Management ( VI entry)

Interprofessional team members must be familiar with the important anatomical, physiological, and pathological features related to the airway and have a solid knowledge of the various tools and methods for airway management. They also should know the differences between the adult, pediatric, and neonatal airways and should be well-versed with other difficult airways, as these differences can have significant impacts on patient outcomes. This activity describes the different techniques used for airway management and highlights the interprofessional team's role in the care of the patients requiring it.

Objectives:

  • Explain the differences between the pediatric airway and the adult airway.

  • Describe the technique involved in performing bag-mask ventilation.

  • Summarize the types of equipment used for airway management and list the indications and contraindications for endotracheal intubation, confirmation of proper endotracheal tube placement, and complications of endotracheal intubation.

  • Review interprofessional team strategies to enhance care coordination and communication to advance airway management and improve patient outcomes

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May
13
Diagnostic Bronchoscopy Workshop (II entry)
time 14:50-15:40 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

The Bronchoscopy Simulation is intended to be a resource for educators and clinicians to teach and learn the bronchoscopy procedure. This application gives both a schematic overview of the procedure as well as interactive video clips depicting the path through the lungs.

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May
13
Diagnostic Bronchoscopy Workshop (III entry)
time 15:40-16:30 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

The Bronchoscopy Simulation is intended to be a resource for educators and clinicians to teach and learn the bronchoscopy procedure. This application gives both a schematic overview of the procedure as well as interactive video clips depicting the path through the lungs.

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13
May
13
Ophthalmoscopy( I entry)
time 14:00-14:40 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Ophthalmoscopy is an examination of the back part of the eye (fundus), which includes the retina, optic disc, choroid, and blood vessels.

There are different types of ophthalmoscopy.

  • Direct ophthalmoscopy. You will be seated in a darkened room. The health care provider performs this exam by shining a beam of light through the pupil using an instrument called an ophthalmoscope. An ophthalmoscope is about the size of a flashlight. It has a light and different tiny lenses that allow the provider to view the back of the eyeball.
  • Indirect ophthalmoscopy. You will either lie or sit in a semi-reclined position. The provider holds your eye open while shining a very bright light into the eye using an instrument worn on the head. (The instrument looks like a miner's light.) The provider views the back of the eye through a lens held close to your eye. Some pressure may be applied to the eye using a small, blunt probe. You will be asked to look in various directions. This exam is usually used to look for detached retina.
  • Slit-lamp ophthalmoscopy. You will sit in a chair with the instrument placed in front of you. You will be asked to rest your chin and forehead on a support to keep your head steady. The provider will use the microscope part of the slit lamp and a tiny lens placed close to the front of the eye. The provider can see about the same with this technique as with indirect ophthalmoscopy, but with higher magnification.
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May
13
Ophthalmoscopy( II entry)
time 14:40-15:30 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Ophthalmoscopy is an examination of the back part of the eye (fundus), which includes the retina, optic disc, choroid, and blood vessels.

There are different types of ophthalmoscopy.

  • Direct ophthalmoscopy. You will be seated in a darkened room. The health care provider performs this exam by shining a beam of light through the pupil using an instrument called an ophthalmoscope. An ophthalmoscope is about the size of a flashlight. It has a light and different tiny lenses that allow the provider to view the back of the eyeball.
  • Indirect ophthalmoscopy. You will either lie or sit in a semi-reclined position. The provider holds your eye open while shining a very bright light into the eye using an instrument worn on the head. (The instrument looks like a miner's light.) The provider views the back of the eye through a lens held close to your eye. Some pressure may be applied to the eye using a small, blunt probe. You will be asked to look in various directions. This exam is usually used to look for detached retina.
  • Slit-lamp ophthalmoscopy. You will sit in a chair with the instrument placed in front of you. You will be asked to rest your chin and forehead on a support to keep your head steady. The provider will use the microscope part of the slit lamp and a tiny lens placed close to the front of the eye. The provider can see about the same with this technique as with indirect ophthalmoscopy, but with higher magnification.
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13
May
13
Ophthalmoscopy( III entry)
time 15:30-16:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Ophthalmoscopy is an examination of the back part of the eye (fundus), which includes the retina, optic disc, choroid, and blood vessels.

There are different types of ophthalmoscopy.

  • Direct ophthalmoscopy. You will be seated in a darkened room. The health care provider performs this exam by shining a beam of light through the pupil using an instrument called an ophthalmoscope. An ophthalmoscope is about the size of a flashlight. It has a light and different tiny lenses that allow the provider to view the back of the eyeball.
  • Indirect ophthalmoscopy. You will either lie or sit in a semi-reclined position. The provider holds your eye open while shining a very bright light into the eye using an instrument worn on the head. (The instrument looks like a miner's light.) The provider views the back of the eye through a lens held close to your eye. Some pressure may be applied to the eye using a small, blunt probe. You will be asked to look in various directions. This exam is usually used to look for detached retina.
  • Slit-lamp ophthalmoscopy. You will sit in a chair with the instrument placed in front of you. You will be asked to rest your chin and forehead on a support to keep your head steady. The provider will use the microscope part of the slit lamp and a tiny lens placed close to the front of the eye. The provider can see about the same with this technique as with indirect ophthalmoscopy, but with higher magnification.
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13
May
13
Rhynoscopy and otoscopy (I entry)
time 14:00-14:40 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Rhinoscopy is a method of looking into the nose and throat. While there are other methods of looking into the nose, these methods only allow the doctor to see about an inch inside the nasal cavity. A rhinoscopy allows the doctor to see almost all of the inside of the nose, throat, adenoids, and vocal chords. Here’s what you need to know about rhinoscopy and when it might be needed.

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May
13
Rhynoscopy and otoscopy (II entry)
time 14:40-15:30 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Rhinoscopy is a method of looking into the nose and throat. While there are other methods of looking into the nose, these methods only allow the doctor to see about an inch inside the nasal cavity. A rhinoscopy allows the doctor to see almost all of the inside of the nose, throat, adenoids, and vocal chords. Here’s what you need to know about rhinoscopy and when it might be needed.

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May
13
Rhynoscopy and otoscopy (III entry)
time 15:30-16:00 offline adress Strada 31 August 1989,CUSIM

Rhinoscopy is a method of looking into the nose and throat. While there are other methods of looking into the nose, these methods only allow the doctor to see about an inch inside the nasal cavity. A rhinoscopy allows the doctor to see almost all of the inside of the nose, throat, adenoids, and vocal chords. Here’s what you need to know about rhinoscopy and when it might be needed.

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May
13
Bone offer reconstruction in posterior areas of maxilla in implant treatment.

Dental implantology is one of the most popular and intensively researched topics of current dental medicine. The necessity for the former complicated preprosthetic surgical procedures to facilitate the partial dentures has recently been decreased with the widespread construction of implant-supported prosthesis. Nevertheless, the alveolar deficiency that impedes the insertion of dental implants makes a number of similar reconstructive procedures inevitable. The posterior maxilla is one of the most challenging anatomic locations for the implant placement that requires adjunctive surgical procedures. This special issue covers leading researches and reviews on this topic that we believe would contribute to clinicians.

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May
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Cefalometric methods of analisys in Prosthodontics and in Dentistry.

Optimal reconstruction of vertical dimension of occlusion is crucial for functional and physiognomic rehabilitation of edentulous patients. This article is aimed at presenting attitudes and studies on application of cephalometric analysis in obtaining optimal vertical dimension of occlusion. The review of literature presents the studies which analyse the possibilities of cephalometric analysis aimed at improving the clinical methods for vertical dimension of occlusion determination in treatment of edentulous patients. The research carried out so far can roughly be divided into: cephalometric vertical dimension of occlusion evaluation in dentulous patients performed to determine precise indicators of vertical dimension of occlusion and to establish cephalometric standards for practical application in prosthodontics; the method of producing pre-extraction cephalometric registries involves the production of cephalometric radiographs for potential prosthodontic patients in dental pre-extraction period which are kept for reference to be used in later therapy; the cephalometric method of registering the position of physiologic rest position of the mandible involves measuring cephalometric parameters in cephalometric radiographs made when the mandible is in physiologic rest position; cephalometric evaluation of vertical dimension of occlusion in complete denture therapy after clinical determination of intemaxillary relationship is recommended for timely detection of possible mistakes, with a possibility of correction in the process of complete denture production; and cephalometric analysis in edentulous patients with old complete dentures for a planned vertical dimension of occlusion extension.

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May
13
Different approaches in preparation of supporting elements/teeth under different types of microprothesis.

Micro-prosthetics is the restoration of teeth by inlays, onlays and veneers. Inlays, onlays and veneers are intended to restore part of or the entire surface of the teeth, and to protect the remaining weak structures from possible damage. Inlays, onlays and veneers can be called restorations from ceramic, metal or composite material produced in the laboratory. Inlays, onlays and veneers of E-max pressed ceramics are produced in the laboratory of our Clinic. E-max pressed ceramic is four times harder than normal ceramics and two times harder than other types of metal-free ceramics. Milled inlays, onlays or veneers are extremely accurate, and their resistance is up to 160 MPa. After crystallization in the furnace for about 30 min., they reach the tensile strength of 400 MPa. E-Max onlays, inlays and veneers have the following advantages:

  • greater resistance to fracture compared with other types of ceramics
  • dental hard tissues are preserved to the maximum
  • extremely high restoration accuracy is achieved
  • has very excellent aesthetic look (colour and gloss remain unchanged over time)
  • extreme longevity
  • using the E-Max inlays, onlays and veneers, the prosthetics procedure is carried out quickly (it requires only two visits to the doctor)
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May
13
BOTULINUM TOXIN INJECTIONS - A NECESSITY OR A FAD?

Botulinum toxin (Botox) is a drug made from a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. In large amounts, this toxin can cause botulism, an illness that affects the nerves. Botox has been used since the 1970s in the field of ophthalmology, and in the last 20 years, its use has expanded to various health scopes, especially dermatology.

Botox consists of 7 types of neurotoxins; however, only toxins A and B are used clinically. Botox A is used for several disorders in the field of medicine, particularly in dermatology, for cosmetic purposes The first type of Botox introduced to the market was onabotulinum toxin A. In 2002, it was recommended to be used as a cosmetic treatment for glabellar frown lines by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).The second formulation of onabotulinum toxin A, which was produced in France, obtained its license to be used for esthetic purposes from the European Union in 2006 and was approved by the FDA in 2009.Botox type A has become a term used by the society to describe all ingredients used in cosmetic treatments.

A study in 1994 reported the effectiveness of Botox A for reducing the appearance of facial wrinkles; since then, it has been used as a cosmetic treatment.Botox injections can be used to treat glabellar frown lines, wrinkles around the lips (smoker’s lines) and marionette lines, platysmal bands in the neck, strabismus, blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, hyperhidrosis as well as synkinesis following facial surgery.

The objective of this article is providing a good literature review regarding Botox as a treatment for reducing facial wrinkles and also comparing it with other modalities such as fillers, skin peptide and facial muscle exercise. The main focuses are the mechanism of action, indication, contraindication, dosage, clinical effect, safety, side effect, and complication.

 

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May
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The role and importance of excipients in the main technology for the preparation of semi-solid medicinal forms. Practical application.”

Excipients are typically the major components of a solid dosage form. These non-active substances have well-defined roles in the development of tablets and capsules, and are included for a number of reasons such as to aid the manufacturing process or to add functionality to the formulation. 

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May
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PRESENTATION SKILLS

Presenting information clearly and effectively is a key skill in getting your message across. Today, presentation skills are required in almost every field, and most of us are required to give presentations on occasions. While some people take this in their stride, others find it much more challenging.

It is, however, possible to improve your presentation skills with a bit of work. This section of SkillsYouNeed is designed to help.

Many people feel terrified when asked to talk in public, especially to bigger groups. However, these fears can be reduced by good preparation, which will also lay the groundwork for making an effective presentation.

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May
13
Basic Laparoscopic Maneuvers(I entry)

Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.

This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery.

Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope.

This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.

The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include:

  • a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time
  • less pain and bleeding after the operation
  • reduced scarring
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May
13
Basic Laparoscopic Maneuvers(II entry)

Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access the inside of the abdomen (tummy) and pelvis without having to make large incisions in the skin.

This procedure is also known as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery.

Large incisions can be avoided during laparoscopy because the surgeon uses an instrument called a laparoscope.

This is a small tube that has a light source and a camera, which relays images of the inside of the abdomen or pelvis to a television monitor.

The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include:

  • a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time
  • less pain and bleeding after the operation
  • reduced scarring
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May
14
Arthroscopic restoration of the anterior cruciate ligament

Rehabilitation is an important part of therapy in patients who have had arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. A well-designed rehabilitation program avoids potential graft damage and speeds up patients' return to their full function level. The course of rehabilitation depends on the type of surgery, mode of fixation and possible co-existing injury to the knee's soft tissues. The rehabilitation program presented here is based on the present-day knowledge of neurophysiological and biomechanical principles and is divided into five phases. In the pre-operative phase (I), the main objective is to prepare patients for surgery in terms of maximum muscle strength and range of motion. It also includes providing full information on the procedure. In the early post-operative phase (II) we are concerned with pain alleviation and reduction of knee edema. After suture removal we begin with soft techniques for the patella and post-operative physical therapy to reduce scarring. In the next post-operative phase (III) patients are able to walk with their full weight on the extremity operated on, and we continue doing exercises that improve flexor/extensor co-contraction. In this phase we also begin with exercises improving the patient's proprioceptive and sensorimotor functions. In the late post-operative phase (IV) we go on with exercises promoting proprioception of both lower extremities with the aim of increasing muscle control of the knee joints. In the convalescent phase (V) patients gradually return to their sports activities.

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May
14
Industrial production of medicines:theoretical knowledge and their application in practical activity
time 14:30-17:30 offline adress Industriala St 7/A, Sîngera 2091

The pharmaceutical industry has a number of unusual characteristics, both in its structure and in the nature of its business operations, which are little known outside the industry but which materially affect the process of bringing new pharmaceuticals to the patient. The development of a new pharmaceutical is very time consuming, extremely costly and high risk, with very little chance of a successful outcome. The process of research and development is described, together with all its challenges, including environmental ones. The commercial realities and constraints of the business, together with its current problems, are discussed, followed by an exploration of some of the likely future commercial and technical developments in the business, including the development of a greener pharmacy.

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